Brazil is the country’s biggest killer transvestites and transsexuals in the world. Between January 2008 and March 2014, 604 deaths were recorded in the country, according to a survey of the non-governmental organization (NGO) Transgender Europe (TGEU), European network of organizations supporting the rights of transgender people.
“Unfortunately, there are very few [transsexuals and transvestites] who can spend 35 years of age and older. When not murdered, usually happens some other fatality, “says Rafaela Damascus, transsexual fighting for the rights of this population.
Report Homophobic Violence in Brazil, published in 2012 by the Department of Human Rights (now Ministry of Women, Racial Equality and Human Rights) pointed receipt by Dial 100, 3,084 complaints of violations related to the LGBT (lesbian , gay, bisexual and transgender), involving 4,851 victims. Compared to the previous year, an increase of 166% in the number of complaints – in 2011 were accounted for 1,159 complaints involving 1,713 victims.
According to the report, these figures point to a serious homophobic violence board in Brazil. “It was reported 27,34 human rights violations of homophobic character per day. Every day, during the year 2012, 13.29 people were victims of homophobic violence, “says the document.
The report shows that in 2012, 71% of victims were male and 20% female. Some victims have disclosed sex.
Psychological violence were the most commonly reported, with 83.2% of the total, followed discrimination with 74.01%; and physical violence, with 32.68%.
Among the physical violence, bodily injuries were the most reported, with 59.35%, followed by mistreatment, with 33.54%. Homicide attempts amounted to 3.1%, with 41 occurrences, while murders accounted for 1.44% of complaints, with 19 occurrences.
In addition to the data collected in the Dial Human Rights (Dial 100), the report also included information on violations reported in the media.
In 2012, were published in the media 511 violations against the LGBT population, of these 310 were homicides. According to the document, the transvestites were the main victims of homophobic violence, being 51.68% of the total; followed by Gay (36.79%), lesbians (9.78%), heterosexual and bisexual (1.17% and 0.39% respectively).
“The invisibility and lack of transgender mirrors also underreporting in the media means, which are not found news related to this population,” the report says.
In the press, the physical violence the LGBT population is the most reported, with 74.56%; followed by discrimination (8.02%), psychological violence (7.63%) and sexual violence (3.72%).
Among the physical violence, homicides are the most reported, with 74.54%, followed by bodily injury (10.76%), robberies (6.82%) and attempted homicide (7.87%).
According to the document, 54.19% of the victims were male and 40% were transvestites.
For the president of the National Association of Transvestites and Transsexuals of Brazil (Antra), Cris Stefanny, cases of violence against this population are underreported. “Much of the trans women and transvestites do not have access to information and the media. And they do not report. There are few real data on such violence, which is veiled “he says.
For the activist Chopelly Glaudystton, transgender women are murdered by stimulating the machismo in men. “A transsexual woman is killed because it encourages hatred to man, the man’s machismo, because in designing it you came out of the higher self and decided to be less. For them, you deserve to be punished, you deserve to die. Then your body is violated, is killed. “
In addition to physical violence, Chopelly points out that transsexuals are subjected to psychological violence constantly. “When a person looks at you, see all its transformation, its construction and still calls him Sir or does not respect the social name. The non-recognition of the genre that you’ve built over the years, it hurts, “he says.
Symmy Larrat, the first transvestite to occupy the Coordinator-General in promotion of LGBT rights (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender) the Special Secretariat for Human Rights, finds it incomprehensible how transvestites and transsexuals are treated in Brazilian society .
“I had an education based on love, respect for others. Brings me strange to live in a world where people look with these different looks, they are categorized from a genitalia, from a color, a body structure, from a manner of speaking. “
Argentina, for example, has a more advanced legislation and ensures the transsexual and transgender facilities in obtaining and exchanging documents – in Brazil for an identity with name and gender with which they identify, transsexuals need to go to court and wait a few years to obtain a favorable decision.
President of the Group of Resistance and Transgender (Cracks), non-governmental organization in Sao Paulo, Aline Marques says that does not seek privileges, but who wants to be treated with respect and dignity. “I always carry the word kindness. This is such a simple thing to do, be kind to others. Prejudice does not kill us. What kills us is the hatred of the person who does not understand that we are trans women. “
Transgender also want to find mechanisms so that domestic violence against this population does not go unpunished. To do this they claim the protection of the Maria da Penha Law. In assessing them, this is an important step in achieving equal conditions and rights.
“The law itself already guarantees respect for females. Only when it reaches the base, the professional who is there, the delegate, the delegate, the judge may not have the interpretation to recognize you as a female. And do not enforce the law. We need to discuss how it will be worth at the base, “said Chopelly Glaudystton, 33 years.
A bill (PL 8032/2014) authored by Congresswoman Jandira Feghali (B-RJ PC) tries to make the legislation clearer and extend the protection of the Maria da Penha Law for transsexual and transgender people who identify as women.
In August, the rapporteur of the proposal the Commission on Human Rights, Mrs Professor Dorothy Seabra Rezende (DEM-TO), rendered an opinion favorable to the project.